Ways to Prevent Cyber Crime: The Elite Cyber Criminals’ Stories
The Secret World of Cyber Criminals and Strategies for Addressing Cyber Crime
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This book is the product of my 7-year human cyber criminal project. It is a must read if you want to know various ways to prevent cyber crime and update your knowledge about the latest cyber crime techniques. You can use this book to do extensive research and learn various ways of protecting your organization or business from cyber attacks, especially if you’re working or learning from home.
I spent the last 7 years traveling to 20 different cybercrime hotspots around the world. A few of them are Russia, Ukraine, Romania, Nigeria, Brazil, USA and China. I traveled to these places to try and understand how the organization of cybercrime works, and to get a bit more of an informed opinion about it. That’s quite a standard way sociologists do things.
What I did over the 7-year period is I interviewed 240 different people, including law enforcement backgrounds, the private sectors who’re involved in tracking this type of activity, and then also cybercriminals. The purposes of this is to put all this information together in this book, to make you know the truth, and understand more about cyber crime.
Table of Contents
1. Meaning of Cyber Crime
1.1 Cyber Attack
1.2 Cyber Warfare
2. The Rise of Cyber Crime
2.1 The Three Main Types of Cyber Attack
2.1.1 Distributed Attack
2.1.2 Central Attack
2.1.3 Personal Attack
2.2 The Criminal Industry with Staggering Rewards
2.3 Why Cyber Crimes Are Under-Reported
3. Cyber Attacks in Era of Covid-19 & Survival Strategies
3.1 Fishing Scam
3.2 TrickBot Infection
3.3 Social Engineering Attacks
3.4 Attacks on “Unimportant” People
3.5 Attacks from Government Agencies
3.6 Netwalker Ransomware
3.7 Malicious Websites & Other Attacks on Organizations and Individuals
3.8 Spoofing Attack Detection & Prevention
3.9 Work/Learn from Home Challenges & Strategies to Survive
3.9.1 Two-Factor Authentication
3.9.2 Security Updates and Patches
3.9.3 How VPN can Help
3.9.4 Safety on HTTP/HTTPS Websites
3.9.5 Testing Your Organization’s Cyber Incident Response Plan (IRP)
3.9.6 How to Secure Zoom Meetings from Cyber Attacks & Protect Privacy
3.9.7 Fake News, App Permissions & Privacy Concerns
3.9.8 Get Trained if You Represent an Organization
4. Cyber Crime & The Mafia
4.1 The People’s Perceptions & Mainstream Position
4.2 My Focus & Approach
4.3 Defining Organized Crime & Mafia
4.4 The Russian Mafia
4.4.1 Where the Russian Mafia Came From
4.4.2 A Famous Case: The Citibank Heist
4.5 Is the Mafia Taking Over Cyber Crime?
4.5.1 Key Findings 1: Understanding the Interaction Between Organized Crime and Cyber Crime
4.5.2 Key Findings 2: Types of Organized Crime Involvement in Cyber Crime
4.5.3 Key Findings 3: Using Technology to Enhance Existing Criminal Operations
5. A New Breed of Cyber Criminals
5.1 How They Source Protection
6. The Big Picture Thinking: Best Strategies for Addressing Cyber Crime
6.1 The Key Takeaways
Cyber crime is a crime that is committed with a computer, a computer network or a networked device. Cyber crime involves activities like attacking computer systems (for example, by hacking), raiding bank accounts and stealing information from companies, groups or individuals. Computers are often used in the commission of a cyber crime. Cyber crimes are also offenses that are committed against individuals, or groups of individuals, with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim, cause physical or mental harm, or financial loss to the victim directly or indirectly.
Where and when cyber crimes are committed, modern telecommunication networks, such as internet chat rooms, emails, notice boards, forums/groups and mobile phones are often used. Cyber crimes may threaten a nation’s security and financial health. Issues surrounding these types of crimes have become high profile in the 21st century, particularly those surrounding hacking copyright infringement, child pornography, and child grooming.
There are also problems of privacy when confidential information is intercepted, disclosed lawfully or otherwise.
A cyber attack is any type of offensive maneuver that targets computer information systems, infrastructures, personal computer devices or computer networks. In a cyber attack, an attempt is made by someone (often called a hacker) to alter, expose, destroy, disable, steal or gain unauthorized access to, or make unauthorized use of an asset.
Cyber crime activities that cross international borders and involving interests of at least one nation state is sometimes referred to as cyber warfare. The international legal system is attempting to hold actors accountable for their actions through the criminal court.
Cyber crime is rapidly on the rise. It has the surpassed illegal drug trafficking as a criminal money maker. For example, in 2015, UK consumers lost 1.7 billion pounds to cyber crime. Pretty serious stuff. The National Crime Agency believes that organized crimes have taken advantage of the opportunities presented by the internet, particularly the growth in eCommerce and online banking.
Financial institutions go to great lengths to protect themselves against cyber attacks, but as in Live free or die hard movie, very little stops the elite hackers from penetrating the most sophisticated technology. Hackers underground have developed various weapons in cyberspace that allow them to bypass encryption and thus get into banks’ systems to steal your funds. The average loss associated with a cyber heist is reportedly $1.3 million, whereas an average bank robbery in the physical world, where you have a gun or a weapon, is only $6000 to $8,000.
Now let’s take a look at the three main types of cyber attack, and then how you can do your best to avoid them.
In this type of attack, malware is installed on multiple computers. There are various ways that a distributed attack can reach your PC or mobile device. Two examples are encryption and ransomware. Hackers encrypt your files and hold your data to ransom. Never pay the ransom! More often than not, they’ll take your money and still not unlock your data. The only solution is to restore your data from backup. These are three most common distributed attacks:
- Browser Manipulation
Malware can manipulate what you see on your browser and steal your data. For example, when a few extra lines of code of malware is sent into a bank’s website, the website looks the same, but the malware is stealing the bank’s data.
- Key Logger
This type of malware sits in the background of your PC and captures what you’re typing to learn your behavior and potentially catch your personal data. A key logger is a threat to your personal information. Your sensitive information such as username, passwords, and so on are exposed to the key logger author. This leads to identity theft and unauthorized transactions. To avoid key logging attacks,
- use a 2-step verification for your logins
- install software updates and patches
- use key encryption software
- don’t search for or download cracked software
- install anti-malware program
- DDOS (Distributed Denial of Service)
The attacker bombards your website with traffic until the server collapses and goes offline. How could you get caught by this malware? You install it! It could be in the form of a website download, a popup box, for example you’re-a-winner type of messages, email attachment or USB drive. How do you avoid it? Don’t click on any links or popups that look suspicious, or that you’re not expecting. If in doubt, don’t click on a PC. You can press Alt and F4 to close the window completely.